Open Access Research Article

Experimental Assessment of the Reliability for Watermarking and Fingerprinting Schemes

Frédéric Cérou, Teddy Furon* and Arnaud Guyader

Author Affiliations

TraitemEnt, Modélisation d'Images & CommunicationS (TEMICS), Institut Rennes - Bretagne Atlantique Research Center (INRIA), Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France

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EURASIP Journal on Information Security 2008, 2008:414962  doi:10.1155/2008/414962

Published: 24 December 2008


We introduce the concept of reliability in watermarking as the ability of assessing that a probability of false alarm is very low and below a given significance level. We propose an iterative and self-adapting algorithm which estimates very low probabilities of error. It performs much quicker and more accurately than a classical Monte Carlo estimator. The article finishes with applications to zero-bit watermarking (probability of false alarm, error exponent), and to probabilistic fingerprinting codes (probability of wrongly accusing a given user, code length estimation).